city of melbourne
Now included in the City was the Borough of Flemington and Kensington which had been formed in 1882 when it broke away from the City of Essendon. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [4], The town of Melbourne was raised to the status of a city by Letters Patent of Queen Victoria dated 25 June 1847, five years after its incorporation as a town. An overview of cultural collections in the libraries and museums of the University of Melbourne, Australia. * Estimates in 1958, 1983 and 1988 Victorian Year Books. Pedestrian bridge across the Yarra River, Melbourne. A motion was tabled at a meeting of the Town Council to alter the style and title of Melbourne from a town to a city, a draft Bill was approved and transmitted to the Government for introduction to the Legislature. [11] She was replaced in a countback by Beverley Pinder-Mortimer, also of Team Doyle.[12]. The city’s original core offers the most employment, but employment is growing at a faster rate in the outer suburbs. The administration is made up of a chief executive officer, executive leadership team and approximately 1300 staff. The next general election will be held on Saturday 24 October 2020. There are, in addition, many private hospitals. The first official census of Melbourne, in 1836, numbered 177 persons, of whom 35 were females. The official travel website for Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. The associated National Herbarium of Victoria, which houses a collection of 1,200,000 pressed plant specimens, is internationally recognized and used by scholars. The City of Melbourne is a local government area in Victoria, Australia, located in the central city area of Melbourne.In 2018 the city has an area of 37 square kilometres (14 sq mi) and had a population of 169,961. On 12 August 1842, Melbourne was incorporated as a "town" by Act 6 Victoria No. Please enable JavaScript in order to get the best experience when using this site. The Melbourne Symphony Orchestra was formed in 1949 and has toured North America, Japan, and New Zealand, as well as major Australian cities. It houses several outstanding collections, including, most notably, Australian art ranging from the colonial period to modern times; European art, with 18th-century works particularly well represented; and decorative arts. It is located at the head of Port Phillip Bay, on the southeastern coast. Since the system of free public hospitals was started in 1846, it has grown to encompass numerous special facilities, which deal with either particular ailments or categories of patients, as well as general hospitals. Image: Melbourne's Sports Precinct, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, Image: Koala at Healesville Sanctuary, Yarra Valley and Dandenong Ranges, Victoria, Australia. This area of 89 acres (36 hectares) was established in 1846 and today contains lakes, lawns, and thousands of named trees and shrubs. On 2 July 2007, the City of Melbourne almost doubled in size when the suburb of Docklands was added to its jurisdiction, having been previously transferred from the administration of the State Government. The Letters Patent also constituted the Anglican Diocese of Melbourne and declared Melbourne a cathedral city. (2016) City of Melbourne, 135,969; Inner Melbourne, 591,679; Melbourne Statistical Division, 4,485,211. Taste local wines at cellar doors, get close to native wildlife and unwind in lush gardens. Victoria's events calendar is packed: music, film and design festivals, major exhibitions, sports events, theatre, and food and wine celebrations. The government provided assistance with travel costs and helped the immigrants to settle in Australia, learn English if necessary, and find employment. Official site for Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, Koala at Healesville Sanctuary, Yarra Valley. Explore the varied landscapes of south east Victoria. Melbourne was founded in 1835, during the reign of King William IV, with the arrival of the schooner Enterprize near the present site of the Queen's Wharf, as a barely legal,[clarification needed] speculative settlement that broke away from New South Wales. Type a minimum of three characters then press UP or DOWN on the keyboard to navigate the autocompleted search results. On 30 October 1905, Melbourne absorbed two neighbouring council areas. In those areas support was available from earlier immigrants and the associations they had established. The eastern region, however, consists of undulating and dissected beds of sandstones, shales, and conglomerates laid down in the Silurian and Devonian periods (about 445 to 360 million years ago). The second, the Town of North Melbourne, formerly known as Hotham, had been established on 30 September 1859 and been granted town status on 18 December 1874. See a match or tour the home of Aussie cricket and the Australian Football League, the site of the 1956 Olympics and the 2006 Commonwealth Games. This trend continued throughout the 20th century. Immigration agreements were signed with the Dutch, Maltese, West German, Italian, Greek, and Austrian governments. In July 2009, Lord Mayor Robert Doyle unveiled a new corporate identity for the City of Melbourne, costing $239,558.[7]. By the mid-1990s the area’s population had surpassed the three million mark. It is the nation’s largest general-cargo port. The councils pass local ordinances and control a number of services connected with building regulations, community welfare, garbage collection, and vehicle parking. Melbourne is also one of Australia’s leaders in the manufacture of computers and is developing as a centre for biomedicine and biotechnology. The current makeup of the Council is (in alphabetical order):[9][10], Tessa Sullivan resigned on 15 December 2017, making a complaint to the council making allegations of sexual harassment by Lord Mayor Robert Doyle. Beginning in the 1960s, large regional shopping centres sprang up throughout Melbourne’s outer suburbs, and the central city lost its dominant retail function. Nonetheless, major department stores and fashionable shops still exert a considerable pull on both residents and visitors. Newcomers came principally from other Australian colonies and Britain. Royal Exhibition Building, Melbourne; it was named a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2004. Yearly seasons of opera, ballet, and concert music include performances by international artists. Wind your way along spectacular cross-country trails and gear up for fireside snuggles, sunset tours and snow play. Docklands was expected to become home for 15,000 people and a workplace for 20,000. The area has a frontage along the Yarra River. The port of Melbourne occupies an area of level excavated land at the mouth of the Yarra River, southwest of the central business district. Other major industries include textile and clothing manufacture; food processing; papermaking and printing; and the manufacture of chemicals, furniture, and building materials. By 1966 the population of the Melbourne area had exceeded two million, and the city limits were rapidly being pushed eastward. The central city is home to about 136,000 people and is the core of an extensive metropolitan area—the world’s most southerly with a population of more than 1,000,000. Melbourne’s already rich cultural life was greatly enhanced during the period between 1968 and 1984, when the Victorian Arts Centre was created on the south bank of the Yarra River close to the city’s centre. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 14 was finally assented to as "An Act to effect a change in the Style and Title of the Corporation of Melbourne rendered necessary by the erection of the Town of Melbourne to a City". Both town halls are still in use today as public buildings—the former in Kensington near the present-day Newmarket railway station; the latter in Errol Street, North Melbourne. [6] In 2012, the number of Councillors was increased to nine, in addition to the Lord Mayor and Deputy Lord Mayor. Melbourne’s weather results from the eastward flow of high-pressure cells separated by low-pressure troughs. By the end of the 20th century, however, the trend of moving to the suburbs had begun to reverse itself. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The migrants from southern Europe were at first concentrated in the older industrial suburbs, where they found lower rents and nearby job opportunities. The Sidney Myer Music Bowl, in King’s Domain Gardens opposite the arts centre, is an outdoor venue seating 13,000. The thicker soils of the eastern region, together with its higher annual rainfall, supported a much denser cover of trees than on the basalt plains. Within this core are the major suburban and interstate railway stations, Victoria’s Houses of Parliament, the Anglican and Roman Catholic cathedrals, arts and entertainment venues, museums, the Law Courts, the State Library, and many financial institutions, including the Melbourne Stock Exchange and the headquarters of major banks. It is Victoria’s financial centre and seat of government and is at the hub of the communications network linking the state to the rest of Australia and the world. These spaces were set aside in the mid-19th century, at a time when many civic leaders in other cities were concerned with commercial development rather than with the quality of life. The current Lord Mayor is Sally Capp, who was elected in a by-election following the resignation of Robert Doyle on 4 February 2018. Aerial view of Melbourne's central business district, with Princes Bridge and Flinders Street train station in the foreground. Automobile license plates in Victoria carry the identification “Victoria—Garden State.” Melbourne is worthy as the capital of a garden state, with more than one-fourth of its inner-city area consisting of public parks and reserves. The first major facility, Colonial Stadium, a sports and entertainment venue, opened in 2000. New sports facilities, including a large tennis stadium near the Melbourne Cricket Ground, have been added since the Olympics. Melbourne, city, capital of the state of Victoria, Australia. Having been a province of New South Wales from its establishment in 1835, affairs of the settlement had been administered by the Parliament of New South Wales. The most famous park in Melbourne is the Royal Botanic Gardens (RBG). About Us Most of the flat terrain is less than 390 feet (120 metres) above sea level. Melbourne’s most important industries, in terms of numbers employed, are metal processing, including the manufacture of transportation equipment, and engineering. It is located at the head of Port Phillip Bay, on the southeastern coast. Performance spaces of the arts centre include the State Theatre, the Playhouse, the George Fairfax Studio, and the Black Box, providing facilities for opera, ballet, musical theatre, drama, stand-up comedy, cabaret, and a variety of music. The City of Melbourne has six sister cities. The city is divided into 14 precincts, sectors identified by ethnic concentration, commercial clusters, or attractions. The National Gallery of Victoria was originally opened in 1861 and moved to its present site in the arts centre in 1968.


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